Iran’s Risk Rating has upgraded to 5
Published on: 05/02/2018
Iran's rating in the country risk classifications of the Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits (CRE), has upgraded from 6 to 5 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
After the last upgrade in Iran’s rating in the country risk on June 2016, from 7 to 6, the OECD announced following its last meeting on Friday that Iran’s risk rating has moved from 6 to 5.
According to OECD, the country risk classifications are meant to reflect country transfer and convertibility risk (Under the Participants’ system, country risk encompasses transfer and convertibility risk (i.e. the risk a government imposes capital or exchange controls that prevent an entity from converting local currency into foreign currency and/or transferring funds to creditors located outside the country).
Arash Shahraini, deputy head of Export Guarantee Fund of Iran, said during a telephone interview that “The upgrade was indeed a positive signal from the Europeans and a further indication of their interest to continue engaging with Iran within the framework of the nuclear deal,”
After the JCPOA (Nuclear Deal) between Iran and the P5+1 in 2015 and partial relief from International sanctions, Iran was expected the upgrade in risk rating in order to reduce the cost of attracting foreign finance and consequently increase the foreign exchange reserves.
This improvement is an important measure from OECD especially when US President, Donald Trump, tries to persuade Europeans to agree on imposing new sanctions against Iran.
According to the International Monetary Fund’s report in February 2017, Iran’s official reserves were projected at $123.5 billion in 2016 -17 and the total debt to GDP of the country stood at 2.2%, which was lowest in the world. Also, the global lender reported 12.5% economic growth in Iran as the highest in the world.
Iran’s economic indicators compared with the average performance of countries in each risk classification, showing that in 2016, Iran has outperformed other countries, according to the EGFI’s report. “There are other factors that have a bearing on the OECD’s final assessment including political risks and a country’s history in settling its external debts”, a senior EGFI officer said.
During the sanctions era, Iran wasn’t able to settle its external debts due to the restrictions in its financial relations with other countries. However, after the JCPOA and partial elimination of sanctions, the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) repaid the country’s debts and signed several restructuring agreements within a year.
Some of the signed agreements between Iran and other countries after the nuclear deal, are as follows:
Two agreements with China Development Bank and CITIC Trust which worth $25 billion, an agreement worth €5 billion with Italy’s Invitalia Global Investment, A contract with Austria’s Oberbank worth €1 billion, €500 million deal with Denmark's Danske Bank and two agreements worth €13 billion with South Korea’s Exim Bank and K-Sure.
Iran and Non-OECD countries
The upgrade in Iran’s risk classification will improve business relations between Iran and financial institutions in the OECD-member countries and will boost their intention to expand collaboration with Iran, what their non-OECD competitors are already doing.
Iran has exported $7.73 billion worth of non-oil goods to BRICS member countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) during eight months in 2017 which shows 7.71% growth and comprises one-third of Iran’s non-oil trade during this period. Since the nuclear deal was implemented, the BRICS countries have increasingly upgraded Iran’s rating in their risk classifications.